A few years in the past, my brother gifted me this superb merino wool sweater. It was luxe, stunning, and appeared like 1,000,000 bucks. The solely downside – it was lime inexperienced in shade.
I do know my brother didn’t care about vogue, however I didn’t notice the extent of his disdain for garments.
So anyway, I needed to change the colour of this merino wool garment. I made a decision to dye it, and the method turned out to be extraordinarily straightforward.
In the tip, I received a sweater that appeared rather a lot much less hideous, and the whole ordeal solely price me a couple of bucks, in comparison with the excessive value of a brand new merino wool sweater.
And that’s the step-by-step course of that I’m going to disclose on this article. Just observe these steps fastidiously, and it is possible for you to to efficiently dye merino wool:
1. Soak The Merino Wool Garment In Hot Water
The first step within the dyeing course of is getting ready the vessel in which you’d dye your merino wool garments.
Pick a stainless-steel or enamel pot that’s giant sufficient in order that your garments can roam round freely and be utterly soaked. Fill it up with heat water.
Put this pot over a fireplace, or in case you are utilizing a fuel range, then activate the warmth. Throw within the merino wool garment which you need to dye. Remember to regularly enhance the warmth, as a result of sudden modifications in temperature can shock the wool and result in felting.
During the whole dyeing course of, we wish the temperature of the water within the pot to be slightly below its boiling level. Higher temperatures are essential to dye wool.
2. Add The Dye To The Pot And Stir Lightly
For dyeing merino wool, you’d be requiring an acid dye. Acid dyes are normally present in powder kind, however it is usually doable to see them in liquid kind.
Because every dye is completely different, it could be sensible to observe the directions that include the dye in regard to the amount wanted per pound of dry material. As a rule of thumb, you’d need to add 2-4% of the dry weight of the material in dye powder.
An easier method to consider that is in case you are dyeing 1 pound of material, you would want to make use of 1/3 to 2/3 of an oz. of dye. Slight deviations are utterly okay and won’t make a lot of a distinction.
And the amount of dye powder additionally is dependent upon how saturated you need the completed piece to look. The greater the saturation, the upper amount of dye wanted.
3. Use Vinegar To Change The PH Level Of The Dye Bath
Because we’re utilizing acid dyes, the whole dyebath (the pot that comprises your garments and is being heated) can have a really wonky pH degree – which is one thing that we don’t.
An unstable pH degree makes dyeing very sophisticated. It hinders uniform dyeing and is general a foul factor. To fight these uncommon pH ranges, we are able to use white vinegar.
Add 1/4 cup of vinegar per pound of material, and attempt to not pour it straight on the material. As an alternate, you can too add a tbsp of citric acid, which may even stabilize the pH ranges of the dyebath.
And I’ll add an necessary be aware about stirring right here. You shouldn’t be continually stirring the merino wool, as that form of felting can result in agitation. Instead, stir solely when mandatory, and even then, attempt to go sluggish.
4. Let The Pot Heat For 20 Minutes
Once all of the elements are added in, it’s time to attend for the dye to do its job. Although associated info will likely be printed on the again of your dye, on common, it takes about 20-Half-hour for merino wool to utterly absorb the brand new shade.
During this time of ready, stir very sometimes. Otherwise, felting and shrinkage of the material can happen.
And as soon as the 20 minute time interval is over, simply flip off the warmth. Let your garments keep within the dye tub till the whole factor comes all the way down to room temperature.
Remember, we need to keep away from sudden modifications in temperature when coping with merino wool. So don’t take out your garments instantly from the pot.
5. Run Your Sweater Under Clear Water And Let It Dry
For the ultimate step, it’s time to run your sweater via clear water. Preferably, the water ought to be at room temperature.
This step is to make sure that all the surplus dye is being taken care of. The water will take out the dye that was unable to bond with merino wool fibers, and it’s worthwhile to maintain doing this till the water runs clear.
Place your sweater on a flat desk in a cool, dry place. Do not dry it in daylight at this stage, as that may result in shade fading and discoloration.
You additionally don’t need to grasp up your sweater to dry. It is a foul follow generally, however it’s particularly worse when the merino wool is moist.
Drying time can go as much as days at this level. But as soon as the garment is totally dry, you’re free to put on it as and while you need.What Kind Of Dye To Use For Merino Wool?
To dye merino wool, you will want to make use of an acid dye within the shade of your alternative. Acid dyes are used particularly for animal fibers, and due to this fact, a superb high quality acid dye is required to alter the colour of a merino wool sweater.
There are quite a few completely different dyes obtainable these days. Some work higher on plant-based materials, some work higher on animal fibers, and a few are simply nice all-purpose dyes.
If you need my private advice, then I’ve had essentially the most success with PROChemical PRO One-Shot Dyes. These dyes, like RIT, don’t want components. They are also fairly secure to deal with, and in contrast to many industrial dyes, I’ve put them in my septic system with no points.
You can discover one on their web site or on Amazon. Go for the colour that’s most much like what’s in your thoughts.
Does dyeing wool result in shrinkage?
Dyeing merino wool can result in shrinkage if the dyeing course of is just not executed correctly. Constantly stirring the garments within the dyebath results in agitation, which in flip results in shrinkage.
See, acid dyes require warmth to operate correctly. Extremely sizzling water is just not nice for merino wool, however the issue arises not within the temperature, however within the agitation.
It is the agitation that causes wool to felt and shrink. Most individuals are likely to continually poke or stir their clothes gadgets within the dyebath, which ends up in such issues.
To keep away from shrinkage whereas dyeing wool, don’t use a washer within the dyeing course of. Use a bath that’s sufficiently big to include your garments, and don’t poke or stir these garments as soon as they’re within the dyebath.
Dyeing your merino wool sweaters is a very easy strategy to reuse them. It promotes sustainability and provides a wholly new piece to your wardrobe free of charge. Therefore, in case you are considering of giving it a shot, right here’s a step-by-step technique to dye merino wool sweaters